Facts About Scotland

Situated within vibrant Europe, Scotland is a progressive nation built on innovation, creativity and the fabulous warmth of its people. Here you will find a range of Scottish facts, from information on its diverse and dramatic landscape and natural resources to facts about Scotland’s population, economy and industry.

  • The population of Scotland is around 5.4 million
  • The capital of Scotland is Edinburgh
  • Scotland’s largest city is Glasgow
  • The area of Scotland is 78,772 km² (30,414 sq mi)
  • Scotland’s official languages are English, Gaelic, Scots
  • The currency of Scotland is the pound sterling (GBP)
  • Scotland’s government is a constitutional monarchy
  • The Queen (of the UK) is Queen Elizabeth II
  • The Prime Minister (of the UK) is Theresa May MP
  • The First Minister of Scotland is Nicola Sturgeon MSP
  • Scotland’s population density is 64/km² (167.5/sq mi)
  • GVA per head in Scotland is £23,685 (2015)

Sources: National Records of Scotland, Office for National Statistics

Tourism is one of Scotland’s most lucrative sectors, focusing on such attractions as golf, walking and a rich history. In industry, too, the country is pioneering and enterprising. Key business sectors include life sciences, electronic technologies, energy and financial services.

Scotland also boasts a thriving export market with an impressive global reach, especially in food and drink – including Scotland’s famous whisky – and chemicals.

Our people are a major strength. In the workplace, we are well-educated, skilled and motivated – and we are proud of our heritage of inventiveness and innovation.We also like to play – whether it’s a party, festival or sporting event.

While Scotland is a small nation it has big ambitions.