Pick from a range of interesting facts and detailed information about Scotland and the Scottish people.
Scotland is known the world over as a place of history and heritage as well as cutting edge art and culture
- Studyin Scotland
Live & Workin Scotland
Key information on the practical aspects of moving to Scotland and where to get advice. Plus read about the experiences of people who have moved to Scotland from all over the world.
Scotland is renowned across the globe for its rich culture and heritage, and its contribution to the world past and present. From its thriving contemporary arts and music scene to its achievements in industry, medicine, science, law and literature, Scotland's story is one of immense achievement
Scotland in 1911
- The estimated population in Scotland in 1911 was 4.76 million people. The population had risen by 288,000 since 1901. Today's population is around 5.15 million people.
- Around a quarter of a million Scots had migrated from Scotland since the 1901 census.
- Five Scots stated that they were aged 100 or above. The number of people living for more than a century reached a record high in 2009 when there were 750 centenarians living in Scotland.
- Russians made up the largest number of foreigners (6,102) followed by Polish (4,930), Italians (4,594), Germans (2,362) and Americans (1,176).
- The top five occupations for males in 1911 were occupations in iron and other metal manufacture(245,489), agriculture (165,689), coal mining (137,655), building (96,087) and commerce including clerks (75.703).
- The top occupations of females in 1911 were domestic service (176,540), textile manufacture (115,369), making and selling of clothing (73,393) and then agricultural occupations (33,057).
- 30.96 per cent of males and 12.46 per cent of females of 10 years and upwards were in employment in 1911.
- The Liberal Party was in power - although the popularity of the newly formed Labour Party was on the rise in this period.
- The ‘Great Unrest’ saw a series of strikes across the country in key industries such as the docks, railways and coal mines.
- The 1908 National Insurance Act came into force in 1911, introducing sick pay (10 shillings a week) and unemployment pay (7 shillings a week) (The National Archives)
- The Shop Bill was being read in Parliament in 1911, which would restrict the working week to 60 hours
Events in Scotland in 1911
- The Scottish Exhibition of National History, Art and Industry was held in Kelvingrove Park, Glasgow. It ran from May 2 to November 4.
- Fire broke out at the Empire Palace Theatre in Edinburgh, after illusionist 'The Great Lafayette' accidentally set light to the stage with a torch. Ten people including Lafayette died in the incident.
- The 11,000 workers at the Singer Sewing Machine factory in Clydebank go on strike, ceasing to work in solidarity of 12 female colleagues protesting against work process reorganisation.
- King George V and Queen Mary arrived in Edinburgh following their Coronation in London on June 22, 1911.
Image by courtesy of The Mitchell Library, Glasgow City Council.